The ethnic group's native language is Pashto , an Iranian language on the Indo-Iranian branch, itself a branch of the larger Indo-European language family. Additionally, the vast majority [ citation needed ] of ethnic Pashtuns in Afghanistan speak the Dari  [ irrelevant citation ] dialect of Persian as a second language  [ irrelevant citation ] , while those in the Indian subcontinent speak Hindi-Urdu as their second language. The total number of Pashtuns is estimated to be around 6 million; however, this figure is disputed because of the lack of an official census in Afghanistan since Pashtuns are native to the land comprising southern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan which is occasionally referred to as the Pashtunistan region , which is where the majority of the population resides. Significant and historical communities of the Pashtun diaspora exist in the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan particularly in the cities of Karachi and Lahore and in the Rohilkhand region of the Uttar Pradesh state in India as well as in major cities such as Delhi and Mumbai.
Hinduism   Sikhism . Further information: Pashtunistan and Durand Line. Main article: Pashtun tribes. Main article: Theories of Pashtun origin.
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Further information: History of AfghanistanHistory of Khyber Pakhtunkhwaand History of Balochistan. Further information: Afghan ethnonym. Main article: Theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites. See also: Pashtun nationalism. Main article: Pashtun diaspora. See also: Pathans in India. Further information: Pathans of KashmirPathans of PunjabPathans of SindhPathans of RajasthanPathans of GujaratPathans of Uttar PradeshPathans of BiharPathans of Madhya PradeshPathans of Tamil Naduand Pathans of Sri Lanka.
Main article: Pashto. See also: Pashto alphabetPashto dialectsand Pashto grammar. Further information: Pashto phonology and Wanetsi. Main article: Pashtun culture. See also: Pashtun cuisine and Pashtun dress. Main article: Pashtunwali.
Main article: Pashto literature and poetry. Further information: Pashto mediaPashto musicand Pashto cinema. Further information: Sport in Afghanistan and Sport in Pakistan. Main article: Muslim conquests of Afghanistan. Main articles: Religion in Afghanistan and Religion in Pakistan.
Further information: Women's rights in Afghanistan and Women in Pakistan. Main article: List of Pashtuns. Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 26 May On the national level, Pushto stood second with Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 21 February Interacting with mediapersons on Wednesday, Yasmin, the president of All India Pakhtoon Jirga-e-Hind, said that there were 2 lakh Phastoons in the country who were living and working in India but were yet to get citizenship.
The News International. Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 1 December Encyclop?dia Britannica World Data. Encyclop?dia Britannica Online. Retrieved 15 March SIL International.
Ethnologue : Languages of the World. Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 6 August Retrieved 17 April ru in Russian. Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Retrieved 2 June Total responses: 25, for total count of persons: 19, Northern Pashtuns in Malaysia. muuttujina Maakunta, Kieli, Ika, Sukupuoli, Vuosi ja Tiedot".
Tilastokeskuksen PX-Web tietokannat. Etiquette and Taboos around the World: A Geographic Encyclopedia of Social and cultural customs. ABC CLIO. ISBN Afghanistan: A Country Study by United States Department of the Army.
United States Department of the Army, American University. The clash of fundamentalisms: crusades, jihads and modernity. Retrieved 20 April The friends from Peshawar would speak of Hindu and Sikh Pashtuns who had migrated to India. In the tribal areas - the no man's land between Afghanistan and Pakistan - quite a few Hindus stayed on and were protected by the tribal codes. The same was true in Afghanistan itself till the mujahidin and the Taliban arrived.
The Hindu. Retrieved 9 February Arab News. The meat-eating Hindu Pashtuns are a little known tribe in India even today, with a distinct culture carried forward from Afghanistan and Balochistan which includes blue tattoos on the faces of the women, traditional Pashtun dancing and clothes heavily adorned with coins and embroidery.
Pakistan Today. Retrieved 1 May One can sense a diminutive yet charming cultural amalgamation in certain localities within the town with the settling of around Pashtun Sikh families in the city. Ruchi Kumar, The decline of Afghanistan's Hindu and Sikh communitiesAl Jazeera,"the culture among Afghan Hindus is predominantly Pashtun" Beena Sarwar, Finding lost heritageHimal,"Singh also came across many non turban-wearing followers of Guru Nanak in Pakistan, all of Pashtun origin and from the Khyber area.
Descriptive Grammar of Pashto and its Dialects. De Gruyter Mouton. The Pathan Borderland.
Retrieved 1 January The most familiar name in the west is Pathan, an Hindi term adopted by the British, which is usually applied only to the people living east of the Durand. World English Dictionary.
Tribal populations and cultures of the Indian subcontinent. Leiden: E. OCLC Retrieved 22 July Vol II: Letters and Buddhist".
Khalili Collectins : Abdul Hai Habibi. Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 22 November Persian Literature in Translation. Packard Humanities Institute. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 10 January British Library.
Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia. ISBN - via Google Books. Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia. Encyclop?dia Britannica. Retrieved 10 September Pashtun, Pashto-speaking people residing primarily in the region that lies between the Hindu Kush in northeastern Afghanistan and the northern stretch of the Indus River in Pakistan The origins of the Pashtun are unclear.
According to Pashtun tradition, they are descended from Afghana, grandson of King Saul of Israel, though most scholars believe it more likely that they arose from an intermingling of ancient Aryans from the north or west with subsequent invaders. Crafting Masculine Selves: Culture, War, and Psychodynamics in Afghanistan. Oxford University Press. United Nations world data form. Joshua project.
Pashtuns (/ ? p ? ? ? t ? n /, / ? p ?? ? ? t ? n / or / ? p ? ? ? t u? n /; Pashto: ???? ?, P?x?tan??; or Pathans), historically known as Afghans, are an Iranian ethnic group native to Central and South Asia. The ethnic group's native language is Pashto, an Iranian language on the Indo-Iranian branch, itself a branch of the larger Indo-European language theolivebranchinn.com: 26, Challenging the Pashtun masculinity as defined by patriarchy is, thus, instrumental to solving the national question. Women as social subjects/agents don't enter into the national imaginary of Pakistan overall, and of Pashtuns and the ethno-national groups in particular Find pashtun stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day
Retrieved 19 January World atlas. A Historical Atlas of Afghanistan. The Rosen Publishing Group. Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 22 April Aurora Dawn. Retrieved 0 October The New Encyclop?dia of Islam.
Rowman Altamira. The Pashto-speaking tribesman who live in Afghanistan, where they are one of the main ethnic groups, and in Pakistan, where they are generally called by the variant term Pathan Hindi and Urdu.
BBC News. Census of India. Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 0 January Joshua Project. London School of Economics. Retrieved 6 June Frontline on PBS. Pakistan: nationalism without a nation? Zed Books. Retrieved 22 August UN university.
Minority Rights Group. United Nations.
Street scene in Herat, Western Afghanistan Herat, Afghanistan - August 10, Burqa clad woman crossing the street in Herat with her son. Photo is showing a rarely seen daily life in second largest city in Afghanistan. pashtun stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Women make up roughly half of the 42 million Pashtun people in the borderland. The kind of hardship they know is rare. Some are bought and sold, others killed for perceived slights against family What It's Like Being a Pashtun Woman on Social Media - Story : on public identity, marriage proposals, unwanted requests. Continuing our series on Pashtun women's experiences with social media / what it's like being a Pashtun woman on good ol' internet. (The other stories are linked at the bottom of this post
Retrieved 10 October Retrieved 19 August Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 1 October Library of Congress. Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan.
August Archived from the original on 8 April The History Files. Retrieved 16 August University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 10 February Encyclopedia Britannica.
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Retrieved 8 November though most scholars believe it more likely that they arose from an intermingling of ancient Aryans from the north or west with subsequent invaders.
A History of Afghanistan. Progress Publishers. The Pathans. Moscow: Ferozsons. Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, University of London. doi : Archived from the original on 1 June The fact is that the important Ghilzai tribe occupies now the region round Ghazni, where the Khalaj used to live and that historical data all point, to the transformation of the Turkish Khalaj into Afghan Ghilzai.
Endagered Turkic Languages II A. Aral?k: - The History of Afghanistan, 2nd Edition. Department of History and Cultural Studies of the Free University, Berlin PhD Thesis : The Hephthalites may also have participated in the origin of the Afghans. The Afghan tribe Abdal is one of the big tribes that has lived there for centuries.
Renaming the Abdals to Durrani occurred inwhen descendants from the Sadozai branch Zirak of this tribe, Ahmad-khan Abdali, became the shah of Afghanistan.
In the tribe changed its name to "Durrani" when Ahmad khan became the first king of Afghanistan and accepted the title "Dur-i-Duran" the pearl of pearls, from Arabian: "durr" - pearl. Dictionary of Vedanta. The History of Herodotus.
Translated by George Rawlinson. Retrieved 25 May Life of the Amir Dost Mohammed Khan; of Kabul. Volume 1. Crabtree Publishing Company. The Afghans. A Brief History of Pakistan. Infobase Publishing. The World's Major Languages. Historical Society of Afghanistan. Cama Oriental Institute, The Wa?. If we want to assume that this agreement points to some special connection, and not to a secondary, parallel development, we should have to admit that one branch of pre-Pa??to had already, before the splitting off of Wa?.
An isolated, but important, agreement with Sangl. w???t; w ugd "long;" v???duk see above But we find similar development also in Shugh. amba?c, vu??j. ?c, ??j. and Sangl. ?t, gd. It is, however, possible that the original home of Pa??to may have been in Bada?san, somewhere between Munji and Sangl. and Shugh. Kolkata, India: Iran Society. A Study in Pashto Stress. Pashto in its origin, is probably a Saka dialect. Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb.
Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series. Etymological dictionary of the Iranian verb. But it seems that the Old Iranic ancestor dialect of Pa??to must have been close to that of the Gathas. Shepherd - Perry-Castaneda Map Collection - UT Library Online". Retrieved November Historical Atlas. Creative Media Partners, LLC. Retrieved 2 November and Keith, A. The Vedic Index of Names and Subjects. E, Translated by George Rawlinson". Retrieved 21 September E, Translated by G.
The Gates of India, Being an Historical Narrative. History of Pakistan: Pakistan through ages.
Sang-e Meel Publications. Untersuchungen zur geschichte von Eran II in German. Geography, book 6 : Middle East, Central and North Asia, China. Part 1. The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. All contemporary historians, arologists and linguists are agreed that since the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes were of the Iranian linguistic group Foreign Influence on Ancient India.
Northern Book Centre. According to Strabo c. A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes. Trafford Publishing. Herodotus's Scythians and Ptolemy's Central Asia: Semasiological and Onomasiological Studies. Reirt Verlag. Retrieved 7 November " : Studia Philologica Iranica: Gherardo Gnoli Memorial Volume.
Scienze e lettere. University of Washington. Afghanistan: Hadda. bore the exclusive name of Afghan before that name came to denote any native of the present land area of Afghanistan. Afghanistan -a country without a state? The earliest mention of the name 'Afghan' Abgan is to be found in a Sasanid inscription from the third century AD, and it appears in India in the form of 'Avagana' Bulletin of the Asia Institute.
JSTOR Hunnic Peoples in Central and South Asia: Sources for their Origin and History. of Parpaz under [ the glorious yabghu of [ Heph ] thalthe chief Bactrian documents from northern Afghanistan. Oxford: The Nour Foundation in association with Azimuth Editions and Oxford University Press. com: Definition of avaga?a". Retrieved 18 November Encyclop?dia Iranica Online Edition.
Retrieved 27 September Ramakrishna B?hat Sa?hita of Varahamihira: with english translation, exhaustive notes and literary comments.
Motilal Banarsidass. Pakistan: Dawn News. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, - Retrieved 24 September Travels in Asia and Africa, - reprint, illustrated ed. Sir H. London: Packard Humanities Institute. Archived from the original on 26 July Al-Hind: the Making of the Indo-Islamic World: Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam, 7thth Centuries Vol 1.
Retrieved 6 November Jewish Virtual Library.
Beautifull Pathan girl video - Homemade
- theolivebranchinn.com. By Mohan Lalpg.
October European Journal of Human Genetics. PMC PMID The Pathans: B. April Hum Genet. S2CID The Turkish dialect of the Khalaj. University of London. Retrieved 24 March In a nutshell, Bellew's thesis is that all Afghan tribal names can be traced to Greek and Rajput names, which posits the further possibility of a great Greek mixing with the ancient border tribes of India. A general report on the Yusufzais. Sang-e-Meel Publications. Daily Times. Retrieved 1 December Strabo 64 BC - 24 AD.
American International School of Kabul. Archived from the original on 0 August Retrieved 18 September Alexander took these away from the Aryans and established settlements of his own, but Seleucus Nicator gave them to Sandrocottus Chandraguptaupon terms of intermarriage and of receiving in exchange elephants.
Browne, M. An Outline Of The History Of Persia During The Last Two Centuries A. Retrieved 9 September Guha The Contemporary, Volume National Galvanizing Pvt.
Sarfarosh: A Naadi Exposition of the Lives of Indian Revolutionaries.
Notion Press. Ashfaqullah's father, Shafeequlla Khan, was a member of a Pathan military family.
I Love India. Central Intelligence Agency CIA. Archived from the original on 28 July The technocrat who sought to rebuild Afghanistan". National Geographic. Retrieved 1 March In the s and '90s, at least three million Afghans-mostly Pashtun-fled to Pakistan, where a substantial number spent several years being exposed to Hindustani-language media, especially Bollywood films and songs, and being educated in Urdu-language schools, both of which contributed to the decline of Dari, even among urban Pashtuns.
The Express Tribune. Retrieved 26 June She grabbed my puffy gray coat, then rubbed her hands over her protruding belly.
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Two twentysomething women in heavy velvet dresses appeared from two different blanketed doorways: her daughters-in-law. Then a half-dozen other women appeared out of nowhere. Her abdomen was swollen with a mysterious ailment. She barked at a daughter-in-law, who disappeared behind a woolen blanket and reemerged with a white box of pills, which she handed to me. This was the medicine the clinic at the camp had given her: birth control. The directions were in English, so I read them aloud as Z.
Inside, the air was warm and heady with sun, sweat, hay, and the press of dozens of bodies. Weddings are segregated by sex, so there were no men. The women were chanting-growling, almost. One, with gold front teeth, was beating a hand drum.
The dirge sounded more funereal than celebratory. I understood one word-Sangin-the name of an opium hub in the restive province of Helmand, from which these women had fled some months earlier. translated for me: They were singing of war. One morning before dawn, as a NATO bombing raid raked fire over their village, these women had gathered up their children and fled. An old woman with a white braid said that a helicopter gunship had mistaken a dozen farmers for fighters and shot them all.
Her husband was among them.
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Others, I was told, drowned when the swarm of terrified people surged onto a bridge too narrow to hold them all. Jalalabad, Nangrahar Province, Afghanistan Photo: Seamus Murphy. After the wedding in Charahi Qambar, I tried to meet with the lead wedding singer, the woman with the gold teeth. If you go there and her husband finds out that she sang for you, he will kill her.
She proposed an alternative. Perhaps, if I returned to the camp another time, Basbibi would sing. A few days later I returned. She thought it was a voice recorder. I turned off the phone. Basbibi entered and tugged the burka from her head. She wore a white braid down her back and placed her three-year-old grandson on her lap. He had one scarred eye. She tried to give a fake name at first, but I recognized her from the wedding as the older of the two singers, whose husband had been killed by the NATO forces.
Life in the camp was no better. Her brother had recently been arrested for killing another man in a fight over water.
She croud and sang. It was slow-going. There was something about the bubble of the capital that made us feel disconnected. We had to travel nearer to the border. But my calculus was different now. The choices I made had bearing on the person temporarily making his home inside me.
He always gave me the last Snickers.
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His thoughtfulness reassured me, and we decided to head east to Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar province. Before Islam arrived, it was a sacred Buddhist region. The road from Kabul east to Jalalabad is less than miles of switchbacks and tunnels blasted out of the rock by the Russians. Now the road was undergoing urgent construction to facilitate the Western pullout from Afghanistan. Winter was a bad time to drive it. It was a question of car accidents. Seamus and I decided to fly and bought empty seats on a flight that the Japanese government had chartered for its aid workers.
I felt no surge of relief, no sense of accomplishment. This, too, comes with risk. Many flights to Jalalabad are greeted by Taliban gunfire. Our pilot dove steep and straight toward the airport, a military base, in order to avoid the threat of bullets. As we taxied, I spied two American soldiers in shorts going for a jog. Behind them, in a hangar, were two diminutive snub-nosed aircraft with propellers: space-age versions of remote-control planes kids built from kits.
It took a moment before I realized they were drones. In town we slept on the floor of an office owned by friends of Kissell and Nasib. The hotels in Jalalabad are expensive and loaded with Taliban spies. To keep a low profile, our hosts requested that I wear a burka outside at all times. I loathed the constriction, but there was a perk to stifling beneath that blue fabric: it earned me the right to study the market crowded with tailors and peddlers, the outdoor pool hall with snooker tables tucked under a tarp meant for refugees.
On our third day, we discovered a trove of landays in the person of Sharifa Ahmadzai, a fiftyish businesswoman who owns rug factories throughout the country, whom we met through a local professor. Still, Ahmadzai loved the ancient poems. Pasting the following brief intro to Samar Minallah from my old blog: Continuing our discussion on Pashtun leaders, both past and contemporary, we present to you - - - Samar Minallah.
So please remember that these biographies of Pashtun leaders are intended to be. The following is being pasted from my old blog; click here for a discussion on the post. It. Because today, December 10,is the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony, and Malala is there along with many other Pashtuns.
Pashtun Women and the National Question - I Hurmat Ali Shah explains how traditional nationalist consciousness excludes women from Pashtun demands for social justice. by Hurmat Ali Shah. June 5, in Features, Insight. 0. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Find the perfect Pashtun Women stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Select from premium Pashtun Women of the highest quality
The post below is basically copied and pasted from my Facebook status about the matter. Apologies in advance for those. Freedom from the Forbidden All things gender and Islam. No bigotry is allowed in this feminist territory. August 7, 6 Comments.